Treating Cavities: Your Quick Guide to Understanding Fillings

dca-blog_article-16_how-cavities-and-fillings-work

To understand how cavities occur, it helps to start with a basic idea of how tooth anatomy works. Your teeth are made up of several layers. The outer layer is called enamel, and it is the toughest substance in your body. Underneath your gum line, cementum covers each of your teeth’s roots. The next layer is known as dentin. It has some nerve endings, but not as many as the core underneath, which is called the pulp. A mature tooth’s pulp serves only to warn us of damage or infection. It does so by transmitting the sensation of pain.

How Cavities Attack

Food trapped in the irregular grooves and pitted areas of your teeth’s chewing surfaces is often a root cause of decay. The damage soon spreads from their thin enamel surfaces to the tooth’s underlying dentin. Another way a cavity attacks is from smoother surfaces between teeth or on the front and back. The affected area is usually wide and comes to a point at the entrance to deeper layers of the tooth.

How Your Dentist Finds and Treats Tooth Decay

Visual exams and use of small probes assist your dentist in finding cavitations. X-ray examinations, especially bitewing x-rays, reveal caries wedged between teeth and under the gum line. When these methods don’t reveal enough information, your dentist may use a disclosing solution to test suspicious areas. If a cavity extends into the dentin, treatment is necessary. The two-part goal of cavity treatment includes removing decay and replacing it with a filling material. After injecting a local anesthetic, your dentist uses a high-speed dental drill to remove all decayed portions of the tooth and prepare it for a filling. A liner is often inserted into the tooth to reduce sensitivity. Base cements may be added to deeper fillings for temperature insulation. The actual filling is usually made from amalgam, resin, porcelain or gold. Fillings are layered on top of the liner to rebuild its structure.

Preventing Cavities

While affordable dentists can repair most decayed teeth, cavity prevention is always preferable. The easiest way to avoid the dental drill is to maintain excellent oral hygiene. Brush at least twice every day, and floss once daily. Avoid or limit sugary snacks and drinks, and visit your dentist regularly.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Indiana, call Wadas Dental today at (866) 881-7554 or make an appointment.

Wadas Dental offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Indiana. Our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Wadas Dental, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Wadas Dental.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
The staff is knowledgeable about my dental work.
Latoya M.
My association with Wadas Dental goes back many years of dental service with complete satisfaction !
Thomas S.
Professional and excellent care
Norman J.
Everyone here is so nice and they care a lot about your health, not just getting you in and getting you out! Thanks a bunch😊
Holly K.
Excellent service from staff. The dentist and staff. explained the service in detail. I will recommend this dentist to family and friends.
Wendy D.
At the age of 51, Dr Cooper took away my fear of dentists! Believe it or not it was with a full upper implant procedure too! Teeth pulled, metal drilled into my head, constant visits back and forth […]
Cathy C.
Everyone was so pleasant from start to finish. It really felt like I had been there before. The Dentist showed real concern with preventative precautionaries and information to help with any future […]
Rhanetra L.
Everyone was extremely friendly and took the time to explain procedures and costs.
Timothy M.
Great and friendly service
Scott M.
Staff members are the best!
Norma C.
Great service! All the staff is wonderful!! Love Vicky :)
Michelle B.
My trips to Wadas have been nothing short of pleasant, quick, and easy. The hours are very convenient and the staff is always so friendly! I’ve been here twice and I’ve always been taken back […]
Desiree
Very friendly and efficient staff. I recently had my first visit here and I was only scheduled for an exam but they were able to squeeze me in for a cleaning also, so I didn’t have to make a second […]
Sarah S.
Always treat me great!
Nicole M.
Dr. Botica did an excellent job of working with me to make sure I was comfortable during my dental procedure. I have a complex medical history and had several complicating factors but she was […]
Jennifer K.
Amber the dental hygienist was very polite and informed me of every step before giving care, she even discuss the next thing I could do in prevention and protecting the teeth that I have left. All […]
LYDIA E.
The staff is kind and they excel at what they do. I also like that there are Saturday appointments available. I like that they offer things to prevent cavities like fluoride treatments and advising […]
Brandy T.
Tasha is an amazing assistant. She is helpful, kind and really cares about the well-being of her patients. Top notch! Wadas is fortunate to have her assisting in the office.
Heidi C.
They helped me smile again! The care they give you is amazing ! The most important thing is my daughter loves going there and she’s only 8 .If you don’t like dentist like I did you really need to […]
Louisa P.
Everyone is very professional and friendly. It is a peaceful atmosphere. Everyone has a smile.
Dianne A.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here