Understanding Tooth Anatomy and Composition

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Indiana, call Wadas Dental today at (866) 881-7554 or make an appointment.

Wadas Dental offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Indiana. Our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Wadas Dental, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Wadas Dental.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I got in and out relatively quickly. My hygienist and dentist took the time to answer all of my concerns which I appreciate.
Derrick G.
Everyone was extremely friendly and took the time to explain procedures and costs.
Timothy M.
Friendly and professional people.
Emmanuel C.
Most thorough exam I ever had. Staff very professional and friendly.
Madeline D.
Great diagnostics, great treatment plan, great customer service!
Matthew M.
My dental asst. Tasha was wonderful! I was really nervous and she really calmed me down. Dr. Cooper is great, he is also very calming and answered all my questions. I’m really glad we choose Wadas […]
Phyllis M.
The staff here is friendly and helpful. I need to have a few different things done, and Dr. Cooper explained everything while developing my treatment plan. He and Maria listened to my concerns and […]
Katherine W.
Good, expedient, personable service. True appointment times.
Emily S.
Excellent service from staff. The dentist and staff. explained the service in detail. I will recommend this dentist to family and friends.
Wendy D.
Never had a bad experience at this office!
Alana K.
Love Vicky she is THE best hygienist I ever had . Truly professional and a plus to have her on staff .
Harold W.
After our former dentist retired, we had to find a new dentist for our whole family. I am thankful we found the Wadas Dental Center. Everyone in the office was wonderful to deal with and Dr. Cooper […]
Shari K.
On time appt Relaxed environment Great service
Dan V.
love Dr Cooper,,,,,, he IS the best dentist I ever had
Bonnie K.
My experience was great! Staff was polite and professional and I feel they went above and beyond to make me feel comfortable and understood all options available.
Wilda B.
Always treat me great!
Nicole M.
Dr. Cooper is great, he thoroughly explains things and is quick and efficient. All the staff are always pleasant, whether on the phone or in person. I love this place!
Emily G.
Everyone was so pleasant from start to finish. It really felt like I had been there before. The Dentist showed real concern with preventative precautionaries and information to help with any future […]
Rhanetra L.
I have to say that I’ve always had massive anxiety about visiting the dentist, which led to several appointments to get my dental health back on track. Dr Botica and Tasha were so kind and patient […]
Rachel N.
Very fast! Staff is super sweet!!!
Amanda B.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here